Sciatic nerve pain is a lot more commonly referred to as sciatica. It’s a form of pain that is because of an irritation in the sciatic nerve. Usually, the pain starts on the spine or lumbar area and then spreads along the thigh, up until the knee. The reason behind this is the fact that sciatic nerve is located from the spinal-cord in the lumbar area and extends along the buttocks. It is the largest nerve within the body.
The pain sensation could also radiate for the hips. It will make walking very difficult as well as impossible. Aside from the pain, sciatica even offers other symptoms. Someone might also feel numbness and tingling or burning sensations from your lower back area, upper buttocks, thigh or the back of his legs. Sometimes, these symptoms are worsened by bending the waist or by walking. It may be partially or completely relieved by resting.
There are many causes for lumbar pain. Usually it is caused by a lumbar disc hernia that presses directly on the nerve. This may either cause an inflammation or irritation in the healthyspinejourney. Other causes might include tumor growths, infection, internal bleeding, trauma, and different injuries. The nerve can be irritated by any adjacent muscle or bone. On some instances, it may also be due to pregnancy.
Three of the common factors behind sciatica are spinal disc herniation, spinal stenosis and piriformis syndrome. In a spinal disc herniation occurs when an individual suddenly bends or twists their waist. Once the spinal disc is herniated, it could press on the nerve and cause swelling on the surrounding tissues, which further progresses on the nerve. With lumbar spinal stenosis, the area for that spinal cord is narrowed. It pinches and irritates the nerves like the sciatic nerve. Piriformis syndrome is actually a condition wherein the sciatic nerve goes through the piriformis muscle rather than underneath it. Once this muscle is overused or injured in people with this syndrome, it compresses or strangles the sciatic nerve, causing low back pain.
To ensure that lower back pain to be treated, it needs to be diagnosed first. Checking for your symptoms, plus a physical exam and medical history can help with the diagnosis. Diagnostic tests like electromyogram, X-rays, MRI and CT scans are helpful for determining just what the exact cause is.
There are several treatment options for sciatica. Besides treating the underlying cause, medications and physical rehabilitation can also be helpful. The primary goal of medications is definitely the relief of pain and inflammation. On the other hand, physical therapy concentrates on strengthening the back. Back stretching and conditioning exercises greatly help people with zygolr recovery. Although bed rest is not an absolute required for recovery, still it helps relieve symptoms in fact it is still being encouraged. On some instances, surgery is required to treat sciatic nerve pain. It is actually indicated for persisting and chronic sciatica that is a result of a compression of any nerve in the spine area. In other cases, specialists on pain management are consulted to help people treat with chronic sciatic nerve pain.